IP address(Internet Protocol Address). Every device should have unique id for identification in a Network.Based on the IP address the requested packages reached the correct device.
An IP address serves two main functions, Which are host or network interface identification and location addressing.
Types of IPv:
Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is a 32-bit number(IPV4 – 126.96.36.199). Due to the increment of devices over internet the IPv6 which is 128 bit number is introduced in 1998. (IPV6 – 2001:db8:0:1224:0:667:8:2)
IPv4 is a connectionless protocol used for packet-switched networks. It operates on a best effort delivery model, in which neither delivery is guaranteed, nor proper sequencing or avoidance of duplicate delivery is assured
Who Controls it?
It is managed globally by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and by five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs).
How it works?
The Network administrators assign an address to each device connected to a network. Such assignments may be on a static (fixed or permanent) or dynamic basis, depending on network practices and software features.
Also Read: What is HTTP and HTTPS?
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